Infographic: Stay cool and healthy this summer
When temperatures start rising, risk for heat-related illness increases. Whether you’re working at an outdoor jobsite, traveling to a tropical location, or simply playing outside, it’s important to remember to recognize and beat the heat.
Be aware of both the temperature and heat index. The heat index is the temperature the body feels when the effects of heat and humidity are combined. While a temperature reading might not seem unusually high, exposure to direct sunlight can increase the heat index by as much as 15° F.
Take special note to watch the elderly, young, sick or overweight, since they are more likely to become victims of excessive heat and may need help. If you do not have air conditioning, choose places you could go to for relief from the heat during the warmest part of the day (schools, libraries, theaters, malls). Let your friends and neighbors know where they can find relief as well.
And most important, help those that can’t help themselves: children and pets. Ensure that children are dressed appropriately, and drink lots of water. Also, check on your animals’ needs for water and shade.
General tips for preventing heat-illness:
Limit your outdoor activity to morning and evening hours.
Drink more fluids (nonalcoholic), regardless of your activity level.
Wear lightweight, light-colored, loose-fitting clothing.
NEVER leave anyone in a closed, parked vehicle, including animals.
Provide plenty of fresh water for your pets, and leave the water in a shady area.
Dress infants and children in cool, loose clothing and shade their heads and faces with hats or an umbrella.
Make sure to dress appropriately for the weather, whether you’re in an athletic event, having a barbecue, just playing outside or vacationing away from home. Don’t forget a hat, sunscreen, and a bottle of water!
For more information, please visit the CDC website: http://emergency.cdc.gov/disasters/extremeheat/heat_guide.asp.